With the history dating back thousands of years, this city qualifies for the cradle of humanity. This hidden gem in Uzbekistan is certainly a must-see location for all those who appreciate the ancient and are looking to gain wisdom. During your time in Uzbekistan, you will see at least one Central Asian Shephard, meet the humble Uzbekistan people, and learn about the ancient cities. Here is all you need to know about Bukhara, the ancient city. In its early days, Bukhara was considered a vital part of Persian Empire, which drew people in, populating the area around. Not only that it was the state of art, with buildings that outshined the capitols in that time, but was also a clash of cultures and knowledge. Archeologically, Bukhara is not only one of the last preserved cites where you can witness the ancient history, but also an impressive collection of Eastern knowledge and architecture. The influence of the Samanid Empire also helped Bukhara become the living reminder of the past. However, with the arrival of Islam, this city also witnessed the birth of a new era, which combined with the old created culture like no other. Since it was a trade center, Bukhara was home to different nations and the place where you could always find what you need, no matter the origin.
Chinese Silk Painting
Mark published on 28 March The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China , which linked the regions of the ancient world in commerce. The network was used regularly from BCE, when the Han officially opened trade with the west, to CE, when the Ottoman Empire boycotted trade with the west and closed the routes. The Persian Royal Road ran from Susa , in north Persia modern day Iran to the Mediterranean Sea in Asia Minor modern day Turkey and featured postal stations along the route with fresh horses for envoys to quickly deliver messages throughout the empire.
Herodotus , writing of the speed and efficiency of the Persian messengers, stated that: Neither snow, nor rain, nor heat, nor darkness of night prevents these couriers from completing their designated stages with utmost speed. The Persians maintained the Royal Road carefully and, in time, expanded it through smaller side roads.
· The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West. It was central to cultural interaction between the regions for many centuries. The Silk Road refers to both the terrestrial and the maritime routes connecting East Asia and Southeast Asia with East Africa, West Asia and Southern Europe. The Silk
You need Flash Player version 9. Silk, valued for its texture, was a major import of the Mediterranean region, and the Chinese intensely guarded their silk-making technique. However, silk was not the only commodity transported over the route—gems, metals, horses, apricots, raisins, and manufactured goods were also traded. Crossing the route was not without danger, and travelers would often hire guards or rely on local guides to shepherd them on their way.
In addition, the road facilitated commerce in technology, art, and medicine—even disease spread across cultures via the route. The network is largely credited with the spread of Buddhism to China, as Buddhist monks accompanied traders traveling east. Later, Chinese pilgrims, such as Fa Hsien , traveled to India to gain access to Buddhist writings and teachings. After the 13th century, the rise of the Mongol empires and regionalism along the route led to decreased use and its eventual disintegration.
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But with the series in its fifth and final season, the Canadian actress says she never takes its devoted fans for granted. Silk spoke about winning the AfterEllen. The final 16 episodes have been split into two parts, with the second half expected to begin airing on Showcase in Fall Discussions of plot points from the first half of Season 5 will be noted with a spoiler tag. Congratulations, Doccubus has taken yet another online title with the March Madness: Best TV Couple title.
It feels great; it feels really, really great. What do you think it is about this particular coupling of Bo and Lauren that has connected and engaged fans so much? I think to call the fanbase passionate would be an understatement at this point. I mean, I think that it starts with some great writing and a great evolution for that couple. I think that storyline has always been really honest and real and something that people can relate to and see themselves in.
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Since millennia, the Chinese have been unraveling the cocoons of the silk worm Bombyx mori and weaving the fibers into sumptuous garments, hangings, carpets, tapestries and even artworks of painted silk. Chinese silk textile from the Warring States period B. Metropolitan Museum of Art, www. Measuring this ever changing ratio between the two types of amino acids can reveal the age of a silk sample. Archaeologists and forensic anthropologists have used this process for decades to date bone, shells and teeth, but the techniques used required sizeable samples, which for precious silk objects are almost impossible to obtain.
Once an animal dies it can no longer replace the tissues containing left-handed amino acids and the clock starts.
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Dating Games for Girls
Vintage pin-up advertisements, trademarks, logos and tags. Pictures of vintage full and half slips, nightgowns, peignoirs, stockings, gloves, panties and more. Saturday, February 28, Van Raalte Gloves Van Raalte made so many styles of gloves over the years and did not trademark glove names, so it’s often difficult to date them accurately. I’ve used the newspaper archives and vintage advertisements as a rough guide to dating.
First of all a correction:
· A new capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry (CE-MS) technique is introduced for age estimation of silk textiles based on amino acid racemization rates. With an l to d conversion half-life of ∼ years for silk (B. mori) aspartic acid, the technique is capable of dating silk textiles ranging in age from several decades to a ://
For instance, Warwick Ball contends that the maritime spice trade with India and Arabia was far more consequential for the economy of the Roman Empire than the silk trade with China , which at sea was conducted mostly through India and on land was handled by numerous intermediaries such as the Sogdians. Significantly, these mines were not very far from the lapis lazuli and spinel “Balas Ruby” mines in Badakhshan , and, although separated by the formidable Pamir Mountains , routes across them were apparently in use from very early times.
This style is particularly reflected in the rectangular belt plaques made of gold and bronze, with other versions in jade and steatite. Scythians accompanied the Assyrian Esarhaddon on his invasion of Egypt , and their distinctive triangular arrowheads have been found as far south as Aswan. These nomadic peoples were dependent upon neighbouring settled populations for a number of important technologies, and in addition to raiding vulnerable settlements for these commodities, they also encouraged long-distance merchants as a source of income through the enforced payment of tariffs.
Sogdians played a major role in facilitating trade between China and Central Asia along the Silk Roads as late as the 10th century, their language serving as a lingua franca for Asian trade as far back as the 4th century. By the time of Herodotus c. By having fresh horses and riders ready at each relay, royal couriers could carry messages and traverse the length of the road in nine days, while normal travellers took about three months.
The next major step in the development of the Silk Road was the expansion of the Greek empire of Alexander the Great into Central Asia. They continued to expand eastward, especially during the reign of Euthydemus — BCE , who extended his control beyond Alexandria Eschate to Sogdiana. There are indications that he may have led expeditions as far as Kashgar in Chinese Turkestan , leading to the first known contacts between China and the West around BCE.
The Greek historian Strabo writes, “they extended their empire even as far as the Seres China and the Phryni.
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History of Silk Sogdian silk, 8th century Sericulture or silk production has a long and colorful history unknown to most people. For centuries the West knew very little about silk and the people who made it. For more than two thousand years the Chinese kept the secret of silk altogether to themselves. It was the most zealously guarded secret in history.
She is credited with the introduction of silkworm rearing and the invention of the loom. Half a silkworm cocoon unearthed in from the loess soil astride the Yellow River in Shanxi Province, in northern China, has been dated between and BC.
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· A new capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry (CE-MS) technique is introduced for age estimation of silk textiles based on amino acid racemization rates. With an l to d conversion half-life of ∼ years for silk (B. mori) aspartic acid, the technique is capable of dating silk textiles ranging in age from several decades to a
The oldest silk found in China has been dated to about BC, which means that it is from the Chinese Neolithic period. This silk was found in the Henan Province, a region widely regarded as the cradle of Chinese civilization. Another example of very old silk in China is a group of silk threads, a braided silk belt and a woven silk cloth fragment dated to circa BC.
These items were excavated from the Liangzhu culture site at Qianshanyang, in the Zhejiang Province. The oldest known written reference to silk is on a bronze fragment found at the Shang Dynast site at Anyang. The Shang Dynasty existed from circa to circa BC. A small ivory cup adorned with a carved silkworm design found in China is thought to be between and years old.
Hsi-Ling-Shi is credited with both introducing sericulture and inventing the loom upon which silk is woven. In Chinese texts, she is sometimes referred to as The Goddess of Silk. Only for a select few For a long time, silk was a material reserved for the Emperor of China and those very close to him, such as important family members and very high-ranking dignitaries. Some very old and possibly semi-legendary sources write about how the Emperor always wore white silk within his imperial palace, and yellow silk when venturing outside.
The principal wife to the Emperor and the heir to the imperial throne are also described as wearing yellow silk when showing themselves outside the palace. The use of silk spreads Gradually, the restrictions on who could wear and use silk in China began to vanish, and more and more people — who could afford the precious material — could be seen sporting silk clothing and decorating with silk ornaments.
Eventually, silk production grew to become quite a large industry in China.
This is a complete original miniature quilt, not a fragment. Silks and silk ribbons of every possible color have been foundation pieced in a miniature Log Cabin Courthouse Steps pattern. A wide variety of silks in solid, prints, stripes, checks, moire, faille, and ombres have been skillfully placed for maximum graphic impact. The wonder of silk is in the way it reflects light; and with a Courthouse Pattern, this quilt gives the illusion of pulsating color.
The huge range of colors insures that whatever the surrounding color in your room, that color will be accentuated in the quilt.
Handkerchief History. Who could imagine that a simple square of cotton or silk could hold memories of sadness, loss, joy, hope, happiness and love in their evanescent folds? Personally, I have handkerchiefs in my collection dating back to True collectors have hankies that stretch much farther back in time, for these keepsakes were.
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Only when you much more have a source of food to replace what consume should the expiration dates of your supplies are important. Matt Graham Dating Canned foods of a variety are great to top off on, particularly when its at a discount or its totally get large form. Try adding canned meats together with all regarding canned vegetables, fruits and soups. Many things like canned meats, chili, soups and sauces can be added with non-perishables build other food concoctions.
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This is an interesting walk through my personal collection of antique fedoras. Please enjoy the journey. But this branding is not new to our modern era. In fact, it began in the late s and Stetson became experts in this new way of doing business. Now, as with the other ways of dating hats, these guidelines rarely give exact dates. Keep in mind that using logos and liners is just one more tool to help date a hat.
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Thanks for everyone who linked, blogged about, delicious’d, or insulted me in spanish about them, and much thanks to the people who have started using them in some pretty good looking websites and web applications. Thats what they exist for, of course. Now containing exactly icons. Sorry to everyone who suggested an icon which I havn’t got around to making yet, keep your eyes peeled. More information about the silk icon set and download link After Eight Mint 0: There are few Mint-inspired icons available at http: Again with minty Shaun-Inman-flavoured news, my site is now sporting spinkee new Mint statistics logging.
All the hype pointed to a release date of tommorow today it is after midnight, after all , which left me rather flatfooted when it was released early, just minutes before I was planning to get an early night’s sleep. Anyhow, heres a preview of my first ever Mint-tracked site hit mysql, depressingly: The interface really is lovely, although I’m a little tentative in proclaiming the wonders of Mint, the reasons for which can await a post at a later date when I am more awake.
There is currently no feedback on problems like this, it repeatedly told me it was installing fine. The only other problem was the slightly jarring feeling when you first load up the stats, the default pepper was unloaded, causing slight worry.